In vitro fertilisation is used to treat some problems of infertility. Originally, IVF is used in cases of dysfunction of the fallopian tubes, the place where a spermatozoon fertilises the egg typically. If these tubes are for example blocked because of an infectious disease, the meeting sperm/ovum cannot take place naturally. The interest of an in vitro fertilisation will use the gametes of both members of the couple. Nowadays, IVF treatment is also practised for other types of sterility, especially in the case of unfertilized eggs. In this case, it is possible to perform fertilisation in vitro with the donor.
How is an in vitro fertilisation done?
In other words, the spermatozoa or healthy eggs of a person outside the couple are used as appropriate. In this case, only one of the members of the couple is the biological parent of the child. In vitro fertilisation requires several steps. In the first place, it is necessary to start by stimulating the ovulation of the woman with treatments. The goal is to get as many eggs as possible at one go to maximise the chances of success. Hormonal therapy is then applied before triggering ovulation. The eggs are then punctured for use in the laboratory.
In man, sperm must be collected and sperm separated from the seminal fluid. It is then necessary to select only the most efficient spermatozoa. The gametes are then brought into contact. Fertilised eggs are spotted within 22 hours and are returned to incubators. After at least 20 hours, some embryos must be well trained. If they look healthy, they can be implanted in the uterus of the woman. As a general rule, no more than three embryos are implanted to limit the risk of multiple pregnancies.
Conclusion: IVF success rate
What happens when you consult a specialist about what concerns you about your fertility? In general, your fertility specialist will conduct an assessment that will be initiated by reviewing your medical and personal history. You will probably discuss a wide range of topics including IVF success rate from your family medical history to your sexual practices, diet and lifestyle. Your 1st appointment with a fertility specialist or a fertility clinic can be an overwhelming experience. Not only do you have to cope with the difficulties of emotionally charged problems caused by infertility but you also face the new and sometimes disturbing world of treatment options. Over 10 million babies are born with the help of IVF treatment.